Learning to reason for robot task and motion planning problems
Beomjoon Kim, PhD Student, MIT CSAIL
2018/07/13, 11:00 AM, Building 301, Room 202
In the last few decades, we have seen great progress in robot motion planning and control problems in which the robot has to reason about geometry, kinematics, and physics to generate a desired low-level motion. Building on this advancement, we consider task and motion planning problems in which the robot has to reason from a high-level objective, such as cooking a meal, down to such low-level details. This requires reasoning over a long horizon with hybrid decision variables. However, existing planners do not learn from the past experience of solving previous problem instances, and solve such complex planning problems from scratch every time. On the other hand, a complete learning approach would require too much experience to learn a completely detailed policy. Based on these observations, we propose to use learning to guide the search of a planner by predicting constraints that restricts the search space of the planner. We study two important challenges for predicting constraints: learning to represent complex planning scenes involving varying numbers of objects with varying size and symbolic state, and how to use a dataset of search experience for learning. We first offer a solution by focusing on the geometric aspects of task and motion planning problems that suggests promising actions based on generative adversarial networks. Then, we offer a solution for generic task and motion planning problems by proposing a representation based on the scores of previous solution attempts. We show that our algorithms can speed up planning by orders of magnitudes in challenging simulated robot domains.
Beomjoon Kim is a PhD student at MIT CSAIL under the supervision of Leslie Pack Kaelbling and Tomas Lozano-Perez. His recent research focuses on developing machine learning algorithms for complex robot planning problems, in which problems involve reasoning about both discrete, logical structures and continuous, geometric structures of the world. In the past, he has worked on robot learning from demonstrations and reinforcement learning. He received his MS.c from McGill University under the supervision of Joelle Pineau, and received BMath from University of Waterloo.
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